Geographical locationPitelino district is situated in the north-eastern area of the Ryazan region, 215 km from the regional center. The district borders on Kasimov, Shilovo, Chuchkovo, Sasovo, Kadom and Yermish districts. Water sources are formed by the following rivers: the Pyot, Moksha, Oka etc.
Brief historyThe first Slavonic settlements appeared in the area in the XI-XIII centuries. One can find the first records concerning Pitelino village in the Shatsk district Pistsovaya book (Scribe book) dated back to 1626. Then the village was held by Maltsevs kin, later — sluzhiliy man (a service class man) Vishnyakov.
Pitelino district is a birthplace of Russian authors B.A.Mozhaev and N.F.Pavlov — the first translator of H. Balzak in Russia.
Cultural and educational tourismDmitriy Solunskiy Cathedral (Nesterovo village)
The cathedral was built in 1707 led by a architect Ushakov. One can find the local landlord Nesterov’s surname in the records, thus it makes us suppose that most probably he was the building owner. The mountainous cathedral is connected with the bell tower in a very unusual way: by a long multistep stairs-ramp on three arches. All the composition makes one guess what could draw out such an idea and what is so special about Nesterovo village to build such a sublime building. There are two headstones near the cathedral: the Ushakovs’ and the Volkonskiys’, with an epitaph on one of them: «To my fere from the spouse princess Volkonskaya in memory and gratitude for the passed away happiness».
A short distance away there is also a small traditional church, which served the estate owner as a family chapel, according to the archives data. The building is notable for its charming cleanness of style. The whole group of buildings is splendid.
In 1912-1913s by a merchant Portnov order there was built an extremely fascinating cathedral, resembling some of architect Shchusev works. The first thing that attracts one’s attention is an overlarge size of Pyot Ñathedral, which contrasts dramatically with more than plain environment.
The architect imagination formed the five domes of the cathedral in such a astounding way, that due to their oblongness they look like frozen candles flames, which came to a standstill and turned into stone on high.
Maryevskoye Site of Ancient Settlement
In order to protect the eastern boundaries of the Ryazan princedom abatis began to be created in the XIV century. The defense system contained a Cossack watchman service, service class men settlements, fortified abatis points. One of such abatis line points was Maryevskoye site of ancient settlement, known as Maryevskiy mound. Villagers often found there people and animals bones, rusty arrowheads and other artifacts.
Pilgrim tourismThe Church of the Smolensk icon of Divine Mother (Vysokie Polyany village)
The church was built in 1728 at noble I.I. Velyaminov-Zernov expense. Among the exhibits of the Ryazan region Fine Arts Museum there are the icons from that church: «John the Forerunner Winged» (XVI century), «Simeon Stylites» (XVIII century).